The capital of the Czech Republic is also the largest city in this country. It covers an area of 496 km2 with more than 1.2 million residents, which represents nearly 1/8th of the total population.
The country’s official language is Czech, a Slavic language similar to Polish and Slovak. Ability to speak German and English off course can be useful, but you’ll probably have few opportunities to speak French.
The official currency is the Czech Crown, and even if the euro is accepted in tourist sites and restaurants, it is not recommended to use because the exchange rate is not favourable.
Prague has two main systems of transport, tram and metro. There are only three subway lines, which do not cover all areas of the city, but are fast and convenient. Moreover, the tram links all sites of interest and is a great way to visit Prague.
In practical terms, if you intend to move primarily using public transportation, buy a travel ticket valid for 24 hours at a reasonable cost (a hundred crowns) which is usable in all modes of transportation. There are other passes for longer stays: 3, 5 or 7 days.
It is not necessary to use public transportation since most of the sites and attractions are easily accessible on foot, but it saves time. For example, you can climb the steps to the Castle from the old town and down the tram.
Try to avoid taking a taxi because problems are common. Taxi drivers do not always start their taximeter at the start of the trip, and scams are commonplace.
If time permits, biking in Prague is also a good idea. Avoid driving a car even if the traffic is low, it’s so easy to walk around town…